Sarojini Naidu, (born as Sarojini Chattopadhyaya) also known by the sobriquet as The Nightingale of India, was a child prodigy, Indian independence activist and poet. Sarojini Naidu was one of the framers of the Indian Constitution., and the first Governor of the United Provinces from 1947 to 1949, the first woman to become the governor of an Indian state.
Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad to Aghore Nath Chattopadhyay and Barada Sundari Debi on 13 February 1879. Her father was a doctor of Science from Edinburgh University, settled in Hyderabad State, where he founded and administered the Hyderabad College, which later became the Nizam’s College in Hyderabad. Her mother was a poetess and used to write poetry in Bengali.. …..
Sarojini Naidu passed her Matriculation examination from the University of Madras, but she took four years’ break from her studies. In 1895, the “Nizam scholarship Trust” founded by the 6th Nizam – Mir Mahbub Ali Khan, gave her the chance to study in England first at King’s College London and later at poem wall Girton College, Cambridge.
Naidu began writing at the age of 13. Her Persian play, Maher Muneer, impressed the Nawab of Hyderabad.
In 1905, her first collection of poems, named “The Golden Threshold” was published. Her poems were admired by many prominent Indian politicians like Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
Her collection of poems entitled “The Feather of The Dawn” was edited and published posthumously in 1961 by her daughter Padamaja.
Sarojini met Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu, a doctor by profession, and fell in love with him. At the age of 19, after finishing her studies, she got married to him. At this time, inter-caste marriages were not allowed, but her father approved of the marriage and her marriage was a very happy moment.
Naidu died of a heart attack while working in her office in Lucknow on March 2, 1949